IELTS SINAVLARINA HAZIRLIK SORU VE CEVAPLAR

IELTS SINAVLARINA HAZIRLIK SORU VE CEVAPLAR



Propaganda is the art of making nonsense seem desirable. It is a very old art: the Greek Sophists were already practicing it 2,500 years ago, and they were by no means its inventors. (5)However, the art has been developed to such an extent during the past fifty years or so that it has become easier to acquire. No matter how big the lie that you want people to accept as truth, you can put it over successfully if you observe a few elementary rules. (10)Firstly, tell your lie loudly; secondly, tell it in the simplest language, which even the mentally subnormal (they are your best allies) can grasp; thirdly, tell it again and again, at frequent intervals, without introducing any confusing variations in the formulas you use; fourthly, make sure that your propaganda involves hating somebody (it does not matter particularly who, but hate is a very pleasurable and a very binding emotion); fifthly, make sure that you enlist the support of the parasites of your society—pickpockets, sneak-thieves, pimps, bullies, blackmailers, extortioners, and in fact everybody who is too lazy to work, and therefore preys on those who do. Such people are very useful to you, because they hate and are (14) njealous of the intelligent and competent people, who are your chief danger. You can use them to intimidate and beat up your opponents among the latter. Lastly, make violent, emotional speeches; remember that it is not to the people's reason but to their emotions that you are appealing; avoid reason: it is a dangerous, double-edged weapon, and can often get you mixed up with the truth, which is something you must avoid like the plague.   Mark the best choice       1. According to the passage propaganda is __________.  





Propaganda is the art of making nonsense seem desirable. It is a very old art: the Greek Sophists were already practicing it 2,500 years ago, and they were by no means its inventors. (5)However, the art has been developed to such an extent during the past fifty years or so that it has become easier to acquire. No matter how big the lie that you want people to accept as truth, you can put it over successfully if you observe a few elementary rules. (10)Firstly, tell your lie loudly; secondly, tell it in the simplest language, which even the mentally subnormal (they are your best allies) can grasp; thirdly, tell it again and again, at frequent intervals, without introducing any confusing variations in the formulas you use; fourthly, make sure that your propaganda involves hating somebody (it does not matter particularly who, but hate is a very pleasurable and a very binding emotion); fifthly, make sure that you enlist the support of the parasites of your society—pickpockets, sneak-thieves, pimps, bullies, blackmailers, extortioners, and in fact everybody who is too lazy to work, and therefore preys on those who do. Such people are very useful to you, because they hate and are (14) njealous of the intelligent and competent people, who are your chief danger. You can use them tointimidate and beat up your opponents among the latter. Lastly, make violent, emotional speeches; remember that it is not to the people's reason but to their emotions that you are appealing; avoid reason: it is a dangerous, double-edged weapon, and can often get you mixed up with the truth, which is something you must avoid like the plague.   Mark the best choice           2. What does IT (Line 4) in it has become easier refer to?





Propaganda is the art of making nonsense seem desirable. It is a very old art: the Greek Sophists were already practicing it 2,500 years ago, and they were by no means its inventors. (5)However, the art has been developed to such an extent during the past fifty years or so that it has become easier to acquire. No matter how big the lie that you want people to accept as truth, you can put it over successfully if you observe a few elementary rules. (10)Firstly, tell your lie loudly; secondly, tell it in the simplest language, which even the mentally subnormal (they are your best allies) can grasp; thirdly, tell it again and again, at frequent intervals, without introducing any confusing variations in the formulas you use; fourthly, make sure that your propaganda involves hating somebody (it does not matter particularly who, but hate is a very pleasurable and a very binding emotion); fifthly, make sure that you enlist the support of the parasites of your society—pickpockets, sneak-thieves, pimps, bullies, blackmailers, extortioners, and in fact everybody who is too lazy to work, and therefore preys on those who do. Such people are very useful to you, because they hate and are (14) njealous of the intelligent and competent people, who are your chief danger. You can use them tointimidate and beat up your opponents among the latter. Lastly, make violent, emotional speeches; remember that it is not to the people's reason but to their emotions that you are appealing; avoid reason: it is a dangerous, double-edged weapon, and can often get you mixed up with the truth, which is something you must avoid like the plague.   Mark the best choice          3. What does IT (Line 5) in put it over refer to?





Propaganda is the art of making nonsense seem desirable. It is a very old art: the Greek Sophists were already practicing it 2,500 years ago, and they were by no means its inventors. (5)However, the art has been developed to such an extent during the past fifty years or so that it has become easier to acquire. No matter how big the lie that you want people to accept as truth, you can put it over successfully if you observe a few elementary rules. (10)Firstly, tell your lie loudly; secondly, tell it in the simplest language, which even the mentally subnormal (they are your best allies) can grasp; thirdly, tell it again and again, at frequent intervals, without introducing any confusing variations in the formulas you use; fourthly, make sure that your propaganda involves hating somebody (it does not matter particularly who, but hate is a very pleasurable and a very binding emotion); fifthly, make sure that you enlist the support of the parasites of your society—pickpockets, sneak-thieves, pimps, bullies, blackmailers, extortioners, and in fact everybody who is too lazy to work, and therefore preys on those who do. Such people are very useful to you, because they hate and are (14) njealous of the intelligent and competent people, who are your chief danger. You can use them tointimidate and beat up your opponents among the latter. Lastly, make violent, emotional speeches; remember that it is not to the people's reason but to their emotions that you are appealing; avoid reason: it is a dangerous, double-edged weapon, and can often get you mixed up with the truth, which is something you must avoid like the plague.   Mark the best choice           4. What should the phrasal verb put over (Line 5) mean?





Propaganda is the art of making nonsense seem desirable. It is a very old art: the Greek Sophists were already practicing it 2,500 years ago, and they were by no means its inventors. (5)However, the art has been developed to such an extent during the past fifty years or so that it has become easier to acquire. No matter how big the lie that you want people to accept as truth, you can put it over successfully if you observe a few elementary rules. (10)Firstly, tell your lie loudly; secondly, tell it in the simplest language, which even the mentally subnormal (they are your best allies) can grasp; thirdly, tell it again and again, at frequent intervals, without introducing any confusing variations in the formulas you use; fourthly, make sure that your propaganda involves hating somebody (it does not matter particularly who, but hate is a very pleasurable and a very binding emotion); fifthly, make sure that you enlist the support of the parasites of your society—pickpockets, sneak-thieves, pimps, bullies, blackmailers, extortioners, and in fact everybody who is too lazy to work, and therefore preys on those who do. Such people are very useful to you, because they hate and are (14) njealous of the intelligent and competent people, who are your chief danger. You can use them tointimidate and beat up your opponents among the latter. Lastly, make violent, emotional speeches; remember that it is not to the people's reason but to their emotions that you are appealing; avoid reason: it is a dangerous, double-edged weapon, and can often get you mixed up with the truth, which is something you must avoid like the plague.   Mark the best choice           5. What does observe (Line 5) mean?  







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